Thai people

The Thai, or formerly known externally as the Siamese, a subgroup of the Thai ethnic group, is the majority ethnic group living in the territory of Thailand and a few minorities in Laos, Vietnam, and Myanmar, India, southern China ... The official language is Chinese Thai or Siamese. However, local groups in Thailand still have their languages and these languages are closely related to the official language. They are all classified into the Tai-Kadai linguistic family.

Origin of theThais

Thai people

Most of the Thai people follow Venerable Buddhism. Thai people are divided into four groups: Thai Trung, Thai Nam (Tai), Thai Northeast (Isan), Thai Bac (Lan Na). There have been many theories suggesting the origin of the Tai-Kadai ethnic group - in which the Thai is a subgroup - including the relationship between the Tai group and the Nanzhao kingdom, but have been rejected and lacked grounds. 

Linguistic studies have shown that the Tai origin was around Guangxi province, where the Trang still predominated. There are also other theories that the Tai founded the kingdom of South Vietnam, which ruled much of southern China and northern Vietnam for a century. The Qin Dynasty Guangdong Province was established in 214 B.C.E., beginning waves of migration from the north to the south of the Han people. With political and cultural pressure from the north, some Tai also migrated south, where they met classical Indian cultures. 

Thai Migrations

According to historical and linguistic evidence, the migration to the southwest of the Tai-speaking peoples took place from the eighth century until the tenth century. Starting from the tenth century onwards, the Tai from the north gradually settled in the Chao Phraya River valley, a land belonging to the Dvaravati culture, assimilating the Mon and Khmer, in addition to interacting with the Empire Khmer. The Tai settled in present-day Thailand according to Venerable Buddhism. Consequently, Thai culture is a blend of Tai with Indian, Mon, and Khmer. The first Thai sovereign territories included the kingdoms of Sukhothai and Suphan Buri. The kingdom of Lavo, which used to be the center of Khmer culture in the Chao Praya valley, is also home to the Thai people. Sometimes some of the territories of the Thai people are also under the control of Angkor ruled by some monarchy Khmer (including Suryavarman II and Jayavarman VII ), however, most of the territory almost independent in fact.

Thai people

Ayutthaya - named after the city of Ayodhya of India -, the state is established by Uthong, emerged as the center of the development of the Thais in 1350. Ayutthaya continues the conquest of the east to The Khmer empire was weakened after 1431 with the defeat of Angkor.

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Other peoples living under Thai rule - which are largely Mon, Khmer, and Lao as well as immigrants from China, India, or Muslims - continue to be assimilated by the Thais. But at the same time, they also influence and influence culture, philosophy, economy, and politics. In an article titled Jek pon Lao (เจ้ ก ป น ลาว —Hoa bred with Laos), Sujit Wongthet, who admits to being a Lao Chinese (Jek pon Lao), says that today's Thais the fact is that the Chinese are mixed with Laos. He emphasized that the Thai were no longer a clearly defined race, but rather one comprised of many different races and cultures. The largest and most influential group is the Thai of Chinese descent.

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Also in another article the position of non-Thai languages in Thailand - the positions of non-Thai languages in Thailand (2007) by Theraphan Luangthongkum, a Thai Chinese linguist, It is said that 40% of Thais are descendants of Chinese immigrants from China. Although sporadic and sporadic wars still rage between the Thai and Burmese and other neighboring countries, the war between China and Burma coupled with European intervention in Southeast Asian countries. Another allows Thais to develop their country on an independent path by trading with Europe as well as playing a major role against each other to maintain independence. The Chakri dynasty under the rule of Rama I always made the Burmese unable to invade, while Rama II and Rama III it helped to shape Thai society at that time, but also led to the failures of the Thai people as contemporary European colonial empires always targeted the neighboring lands and countries of Siam as the target and obstructed the people. Thai claims sovereignty over Cambodia, the country dominated by disputed yoke between Siam, Vietnam, and Burma.

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